Development of A Cost Efficient Policy Tool for reduction of Particulate Matter in AIR

Acronym: ACEPT AIR / LIFE+ ENV/GR/000289
Title: "Development of A Cost Efficient Policy Tool for reduction of Particulate Matter in AIR"
Status: Active
Funding Organization: European Union


Leader in charge: K. Eleftheriadis
Start Date: 01/09/2010
Duration: 01/09/2010 to 31/08/2014

Summary The project aims to provide the National Authorities at Central Regional and Local level with the means to control PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations in air.

Airborne Particulate Matter (PM) is a complex mixture of microscopic particles derived from both anthropogenic and natural sources. It is still a major Environmental problem in several countries in the EU, while new evidence regarding its detrimental impact on human health has emerged. Greece is one country among others in the EU, where a great deal of improvement with respect to emission control strategies can be made. The proposed project is targeting, firstly, to unravel the relative contribution of the multiple anthropogenic and other sources to the observed PM air concentrations. Secondly it will document the relative contribution of secondary aerosol particles to those from primary emissions, by taking into account the atmospheric processes which contribute secondary and primary PM at any given receptor site.

State of the art data and models will be incorporated in a versatile tool which will combine comparative analysis of source contributions calculated from air concentrations and emission inventories. The tool will create a historical record of control measures, changes in emissions, targeted or economy driven, and provide results in measured concentration reductions apportioned to changes in every accounted source. This can allow the policy makers to evaluate the effects of control measures applied on specific emission sources as well as plan new ones. The project aims to demonstrate to local Regional and National Policy makers, the cost effectiveness of the tool developed, as it will be possible to evaluate quantitatively the results of policies on specific sources.

At present, although a number of measures are adopted for reduction in certain emissions and concentration levels are generally reduced in the last two decades, the quantitative result of these changes is largely unknown with respect to each one of the emission sources. As the Commission of E.C. is moving towards the implementation of the Thematic strategy on air Pollution, through the most recent Directive 2008/50/EC, and requirements of lower limit values for PM in air will come in effect, reduction in emissions will become costly and future management of emissions will require quantitative forecasts based on previous results.

In addition Public awareness is needed to be raised, so that policies can be positively adopted by the Public. The results from new emission control strategies, the application of Green measures and new products can be all evaluated by the proposed Policy Tool, with respect to their measured reduction in PM concentration, for every one of the sources. These results as well as estimated forecasts will be communicated by an active dissemination Programme to the citizens and their active participation will be promoted.